infantAIR profile

infantAIR

Rice University

Respiratory failure is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Conditions that compromise respiratory function, including prematurity, birth asphyxia, and infection account for a large percentage of the 4.9 million neonatal deaths that occur annually in developing countries. In order to decrease infant mortality, there is a need for appropriate, durable, low-cost, high-functioning equipment to treat infants and small children with respiratory distress.

This team is developing a low-cost ventilation system for use in developing countries. It is a continuous positive airway pressure system (CPAP), which works by maintaining positive airway pressure during spontaneous breathing, increasing lung volume at the end of exhalation, preventing the collapse of the airway structure and improving oxygenation. The device helps to keep a baby’s lungs fully inflated so he or she can breathe naturally.

back to complete list of Open Minds 2011 teams